Cadiz is the capital of the province of Cadiz in Andalucía, southern Spain and has a population of 118,919 citizens. It is about 20 km from Conil and situated on a peninsula. Cadiz is one of the oldest cities in Western Europe. According to legend, and the city’s coat of arms, it was founded by Hercules. Historically speaking, it was founded by Phoenician traders and salesmen from Tyros, and served as a military base and a place for merchandise turnover.
After the discovery of the new world, Cadiz grew in importance and was thriving as one of the main trade places between Spain and its overseas colonies, as well as a haven for the Spanish fleet.